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5 Feb 2013

GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT BIHAR



Location
Bihar is located in the eastern part of the country (between 83°-30' to 88°-00' longitude). It is an entirely land–locked state, although the outlet to the sea through the port of Kolkata is not far away. Bihar lies mid-way between the humid West Bengal in the east and the sub humid Uttar Pradesh in the west which provides it with a transitional position in respect of climate, economy and culture. It is bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two unequal halves by the river Ganga which flows through the middle from west to east.


 Physical Features
Latitude      24°-20'-10" ~ 27°-31'-15" N
Longitude82°-19'-50" ~ 88°-17'-40" E
Rural Area92,257.51 sq. kms
Urban Area1,095.49 sq. kms
Total Area94,163.00 sq. kms
Height above Sea-Level173 Feet
Normal Rainfall1,205 mm
Avg. Number of Rainy Days52.5 Days in a Year
 Administrative Units
Divisions9
Districts38
Sub-Divisions101
CD Blocks534
Panchayats8,471
Number of Revenue Villages45,103
Number of Urban Agglomerations14
Number of Towns199
  - Statutory Towns139
  - Non-Statutory Towns60
Police Stations853
  - Civil Police Stations813
  - Railway Police Stations40
Police Districts43
  - Civil Police District39
  - Railway Police District4
 Key Statistics - as per 2011 Census (Provisional)
Population10,38,04,637
  - Male5,41,85,347
  - Female4,96,19,290
Population (0~6 Years Group)
  - In Absolute Numbers1,85,82,229
96,15,280
89,66,949
  - Percentage of Total Population17.90%
17.75%
18.07%
Literacy
  - In Absolute Numbers5,43,90,254
3,27,11,975
2,16,78,279
  - Percentage of Total Population63.82%
73.39%
53.33%
Decadal Population Growth (2001-2011) 
  - Absolute2,08,06,128
  - As Percentage25.07%
Highest Decadal Growth atMadhepura District (30.65%)
Lowest Decadal Growth atGopalganj District (18.83%)
  - Civil Police Stations813
  - Railway Police Stations40
Density of Population1,102 per sq kms
  - Highest DensitySheohar, 1882 per sq kms
  - Lowest DensityKaimur, 488 per sq kms
Most Populous DistrictPatna: 57,72,804
Least Populous DistrictSheikhpura: 6,34,927
Sex Ratio (Females/Thousand Males)916
  - Highest Ratio(Gopalganj) 1,015
  - Lowest Ratio(Munger and Bhagalpur) 879
Highest Literacy RateRohtas, 75.59%
Lowest Literacy RatePurnia, 52.49%
Average Population of a District27,31,701
Source -  http://gov.bih.nic.in/Profile/default.htm

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